In today’s world, no one can deny the fact that women are an important part of the society just as men are.Society remains incomplete without its women’s role. So is in the case of education too which we know uplifts human being mentally, physically and spiritually as well. Women need to be educated for the well being of not only their family but also society and above all,the nation. The importance of female education can be understood in the words of Swami Vivekananda who once said, “It is impossible to think about the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved. It is impossible for a bird to fly on only one wing.” This opinion of Vivekananda strongly holds that education can only bring the desirous change i.e. social and economic development in any country and uplift the mentality of the people from conservative to broader outlook.
To get more precise, examples of educated women from Indian history can also be taken. Rani Durgawati, Mira Bai, Razia Sultan, Nurjahan, Mumtaz,etc are the names of some glorifying women during the Sultanate & Mughal rule in India. At the time of British rule, Rani Lakshmi Bai, Annie Besant, Sarojini Naidu, Kanaklata Baruah, and so on were women who fought for India’s independence. The names of Kalpana Chawla, Pratibha Patil, Sania Mirza, Saina Nehwal, Nita Ambani,etc are the names worth mentioning in today’s world. Malala Yousfzai’s dedication & sacrifice for the cause of education have shattered many perceptions. The lives of these women are quite fascinating and inspiring.
The importance of education is known only by the educated. A gulf of difference exists between an educated and uneducated woman. Almost everybody knows that a child receives his first lesson in his mother’s lap i.e. a mother is the first teacher of a child. This indicates that a mother needs to be educated enough to teach her child, shape her character and behavior, and easily imbibe an independent and progressive outlook. Apart from their domestic life, when women become educated, they can judge what is right and wrong. They don’t believe and follow anybody blindly. Instead use their intellect and reasoning ability in any matter. They then can also protest or become able to raise their voices against the evil practices of society like dowry system, child marriage, killing of girl child, sati dah etc. which knowingly or unknowingly still prevails in some parts of our country. To combat against darkness of the society, education is a powerful weapon. The importance of education to females can be traced when women become aware of some serious problems like population explosion, high maternity death rates, infant mortality rate, malnutrition, etc. and as a result they become cautious and undergo family planning. To live an independent life and to save herself from male atrocities and humiliation, woman should be economically independent and this can be possible only through education.
The Indian constitution has mentioned about rights of women. It has also privileged women in many areas. The 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002 has made elementary education a Fundamental Right for children in the age group of 6-14 years. The Constitution of India in Article 15(1) on right to equality provides the basic framework that enshrines the vision of girls’ education and the spirit in which their education is to be provided. A new thrust was provided to girls’ education in the National Policy on Education 1986(Modified in 1992) which provided a holistic vision for the education of women and girls and recognized the cross cutting issues that inhibited the realization of this goal. It aims at using Education as an agent of basic change in the status of women in society. Further, women are given 30% reservation or preferential treatments in education and jobs.The Indian government is implementing new laws day by day to enhance female education which plays an important role in women empowerment. For the democracy to be successful, females must be educated.
Thus it can be seen that women plays different roles like daughter, wife and mother in their domestic lives and education is the way which enables them to carry out all their duties and responsibilities ably. Apart from home keeping, woman has showed her talents in almost every field like social, political, economic, technological, fashion, entertainment, business etc.